Building permitsMetadataPeriod: AnnualYear: 2018
|02. Metadata update|
|03. Statistical presentation|
|04. Unit of measure|
|05. Reference Period|
|06. Institutional Mandate|
|08. Release policy|
|09. Frequency of dissemination|
|10. Accessibility and clarity|
|11. Quality management|
|13. Accuracy and reliability|
|14. Timeliness and punctuality|
|15. Coherence and comparability|
|16. Cost and Burden|
|17. Data revision|
|18. Statistical processing|
|01.1. Contact organisation|
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS)
|01.2. Contact organisation unit|
Construction Indicators Unit
|01.3. Contact name|
|01.4. Contact person function|
Head of Construction unit
|01.5. Contact mail address|
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Milana Rakića 5, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
|01.6. Contact email address|
|01.7. Contact phone number|
+381 2412922 ext.260
|01.8. Contact fax number|
|02. Metadata update||Top|
|02.1. Metadata last certified|
|02.2. Metadata last posted|
|02.3. Metadata last update|
|03. Statistical presentation||Top|
|03.1. Data description|
A building permit is an authorisation to start work on a building project. The objective of the building permits indicator is to show the future development of construction activity. Building permit is a document issued by a competent administrative body.
Data on issued building permits are overtaken from the Central Register of Intergrated Procedures, which has been administered by the Serbian Business Registers Agency. In this survey includes all issued permits for all types of constructions by Classification of Types of Constructions and also issued permits for all type of works: new construction, renovation, reconstruction, maintenance.
|03.2. Classification system|
Classification of Types of Constructions – CC.
|03.3. Coverage - sector|
It covers building permits requested by individuals, construction companies, enterprises, local authorities, government organizations and the church.
|03.4. Statistical concepts and definitions|
Definitions are harmonized with Commission Regulation 1503/2006.
Building permit is usually defined as permit issued at request, regulating beginning of works on construction according to the plan. It is a document issued by a competent administrative body.
Buildings refer to permanent constructions containing roof and outer walls, constructed as separate occupational units that provide protection from weather and other outside effects, with the purpose of living, performing some activities or keeping animals, goods and equipment needed for versatile production or service activities.
Dwelling is any construction unit intended for habitation, consisting of one or more rooms with functional areas for ancillary use (kitchen, bathroom, lobby, pantry, toilet, etc.) or without functional areas for ancillary use and with one or more separate entries, directly from the hall, staircase, from the garden or street.
|03.5. Statistical unit|
Observation units are all building permits issued for all types of constructions and works.
|03.6. Statistical population|
Objects on which the works will be carried out according to the issued building permits.
|03.7. Reference area|
Republic of Serbia
|03.8. Coverage - Time|
Data has been available since 2007.
The survey is conducted since 2006. 2006 was conducted as a pilot survey and since 2007 has conducted as a regular statistical survey under the Regulation on defining the plan of offical statistics.
|03.9. Base period|
Not applicable. The time series is expressed in absolute values.
|04. Unit of measure||Top|
|04. Unit of measure|
Number of dwellings and square meters of useful floor area for buildings, issued building permits and anticipated value of works in thousands of RSD.
|05. Reference Period||Top|
|05. Reference Period|
Data are collected monthly. The results of the Eurostat are sending quarterly. It is in accordance with the STS requirements for countries that belong to the Group I.
|06. Institutional Mandate||Top|
|06.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements|
- Official Statistics Law
- Resolution on the Programme of official statistics
- Regulation on the Plan of official statistics for the current year
* The above documents are available at SORS website: www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/o-nama/dokumenti
|06.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing|
Data are regularly transmitted to Eurostat. There is no data sharing to other international institutions.
|07.1. Confidentiality - policy|
Data confidentiality is stipulated by:
- Official Statistics Law (Official Gazette of RS, number 104/2009), Articles 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, and 49.
- Rulebook on statistical data protection in the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
- Guidelines on measures of data and information protection in the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
|07.2. Confidentiality - data treatment|
Confidential data are treated according to policy rules (see Official statistics law, point 7.1).
Data are published only on the level at which they are not confidential.
|08. Release policy||Top|
|08.1. Release calendar|
Calendar of releases is available at SORS website on the 1st day of December every year for the forthcoming year (http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/calendar).
All SORS releases are launched at 12.00.
Any divergence from the defined time schedule are announced in advance and explained in the Calendar.
|08.2. Release calendar access|
Calendar of releases is available at SORS website:
|08.3. Release policy - user access|
The data obtained through statistical surveys are released at the internet presentation (http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/),
in the database (http://data.stat.gov.rs/?caller=SDDB&languageCode=en-US),
in statistical releases and publications (http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/publikacije/).
The results of official statistics are available at the same time to all users on impartial basis; any privileged access by external users before their release is not allowed.
|09. Frequency of dissemination||Top|
|09. Frequency of dissemination|
|10. Accessibility and clarity||Top|
|10.1. Dissemination format - News release|
News release is not available.
|10.2. Dissemination format - Publications|
Data on building permits are regularly published in Statistical releases
and Monthly statistical bulletin
|10.3. Dissemination format - online database|
Data on building permits are regularly published in online database since 2007.
|10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access|
On request, the access to anonymized microdata is ensured to scientific and research institutions.
The request can be placed by email at email@example.com, or by regular mail addressed at
5 Milana Rakića St, Belgrade.
For more information, please see http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/korisnicka-podrska/micropodaci.
|10.5. Dissemination format - other|
Data on building permits (the number of dwellings, variable B: 411, and square meters of useful floor area, variable B: 412) are transmitted to Eurostat quarterly, including the required level of detail and timeliness and in the required technical format.
|10.6. Documentation on methodology|
Detailed methodological notes of this survey can be found in the edition of SORS “Methodologies and Standards”, Monthly surveys on building permits, volume 22.
Short methodological information on the national methodologies is available on the statistical website:
|10.7. Quality management - documentation|
|11. Quality management||Top|
|11.1. Quality assurance|
The SORS quality management system is relied on the Serbian official statistics mission and vision, as well as on the European Statistics Code of Practice – CoP and the Total Quality Management – TQM principles, which together make the common quality framework of the European Statistical System (ESS).
For more information, please see the documents at http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/o-nama/sistem-upravljanja-kvalitetom.
|11.2. Quality management - assessment|
Data on building permits are produced in accordance with methodological requirements and standards. All users needs are fulfilled because the statistical survey includes all issued building permits and for all types of constructions. Coverage is the whole territory. Before results are presented to users, additional quality control of statistical data is performed and data are compared with previous and corresponding period and checks with different source are made. The results of this survey are comparable with the results of the annually and quarterly survey on construction activity. The publication schedule is fixed and announced in advance.
|12.1. User needs|
Users of statistical data on building permits issued can be found in all areas of economic and social life, beginning with individual citizens, business entities, media, bodies of state government and local self-government units as well as academic, scientific and research institutions and non-government organizations and Eurostat.
|12.2. User satisfaction|
On biennial basis (once in two years), by the means of web interview, implemented is the User Satisfaction Survey. The survey results are available at SORS website: http://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/o-nama/sistem-upravljanja-kvalitetom.
Data are consistent with the requirements of STS Regulation 1165/98 and short-term methodological manual.
|13. Accuracy and reliability||Top|
|13.1. Overall accuracy|
In this survey included all the issued building permits.
It is possible the correction data for the previous month. After that, the data do not change until February next year. All permits that arrived after the deadline of the survey are entered in the February next year. Then the data become final.
|13.2. Sampling error|
Not applicable (in order to collect data on all building permits (whole population)).
|13.3. Non-sampling error|
Response rate is 100%. All data are available according to deadlines.
Measures to reduce non-response: units are contacted by phone plus reminders are sent by post.
|14. Timeliness and punctuality||Top|
Indicators are transmitted to Eurostat 90 days after the end of the reference period in required form. For national purposes, data are disseminated 45 days after the end of the reference month.
The data on issued building permits are overtakeing from the Central Register of Integrated Procedures 10 days after the end of the reference month. The data on dwellings, unavailable in Central Register of Integrated Procedures, are filled in by the Ministry competent for construction affairs, responsible authorities of the Autonomous Province, city or municipality.
Forms for data wich are collected through a questionnaire are sent to the reporting units at the end of December of the previous year. Reporting units then fill in the GRAĐ-10 forms on the basis of their records on building permits issued.
Collection of data is finished in 30 days after the deadline.
All data are published according to the announced Publications calendar.
|15. Coherence and comparability||Top|
|15.1. Comparability - geographical|
The same concepts are used within the whole national territory. Monthly survey on issued building permits provides data that are harmonized with the EU recommendations, definitions and classifications.
|15.2. Comparability - over time|
All data have been available since 2000. There is no difference in comparability or accessibility of the data for various frequencies.
|15.3. Coherence - cross domain|
Building permits issued is good leader indicator for future construction activity. Results of the survey on construction building permits were compared with the annually and quarterly survey on construction activity and the conclusion is that there is a strong connection between the mentioned surveys.
|15.4. Coherence - internal|
There are no problems regarding internal consistence of the time series. Data are internal coherent because they are based on a common methodology for data collection and data processing, ensuring data quality after the checks. The higher aggregates i.e. types of construction according to CC are consistent with their main sub-aggregates.
|16. Cost and Burden||Top|
|16. Cost and Burden|
|17. Data revision||Top|
|17.1. Data revision - policy|
The SORS general revision policy constitutes the global frame ensuring that each statistical domain shall define its own revision policy in compliance with its specific nature.
The general SORS revision policy determines:
- general rules of revisions of the published data,
- forms of informing users as regards the possible causes of revisions,
- categories of revisions, and
- documents covering all aspects of revisions.
The general SORS revision policy is available at http://www.stat.gov.rs/media/2332/general-revision-policy.docx.
|17.2. Data revision - practice|
Data published in first releases are preliminary. There is a routine revision in each month. Data can change due to questionnaires arriving late or the corrections which are initiated by data suppliers. By the end of the year for which the research is conducted adds the permissions that are sent after the deadline determined for monthly survey.
In 2018 there was no subsequent entry.
|18. Statistical processing||Top|
|18.1. Source data|
Statistical survey based on administrative data. The data on issued building permits are overtakeing from the Central Register of Integrated Procedures. The data on dwellings, unavailable in Central Register of Integrated Procedures, are filled in by the Ministry competent for construction affairs, responsible authorities of the Autonomous Province, city or municipality.
|18.2. Frequency of data collection|
Data are collected monthly.
|18.3. Data collection|
The data on issued building permits are overtakeing from the Central Register of Integrated Procedures. The data on dwellings, unavailable in Central Register of Integrated Procedures, are filled in by the Ministry competent for construction affairs, responsible authorities of the Autonomous Province, city or municipality. Data on dwellings are collected with a paper questionnaire (GRAĐ-10). Questionnaires are sent to reporting units by post for all months at the beginning of the year. Also, the questionnaire is located on the website and reporting units can use it. Reporting units may send completed questionnaires by post, fax or e-mail.
Actions taken to speed up or increase the rate of response: re-contacts by mail or post (written remainders), telephone contacts.
|18.4. Data validation|
The following actions are performed for data validation:
For logical control and corrections of errors is used Integrated Survey Tool (IST). IST is a software package that enabled the process of data entry, logical control and production of output tables.
|18.5. Data compilation|
The coverage is full, that is, statistical survey includes all issued building permits.
There are no unit non-response rates and item non-response rates, because reporting units that did not send filled-in questionnaires or did not fully complete the questionnaire are contacted by phone and asked to send the filled-in questionnaire for the current month or to provide the missing data.
Data on building permits are presented only as absolute values. There is no seasonal or working-day adjustment of the statistical data on building permits, it is in accordance with the STS requirements.