Number of livestock and animal productionMetadataPeriod: AnnualYear: 2021
|02. Metadata update|
|03. Statistical presentation|
|04. Unit of measure|
|05. Reference Period|
|06. Institutional Mandate|
|08. Release policy|
|09. Frequency of dissemination|
|10. Accessibility and clarity|
|11. Quality management|
|13. Accuracy and reliability|
|14. Timeliness and punctuality|
|15. Coherence and comparability|
|16. Cost and Burden|
|17. Data revision|
|18. Statistical processing|
|01.1. Contact organisation|
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS)
|01.2. Contact organisation unit|
Agriculture and Forestry Division - Unit for livestock and fishery statistics
|01.3. Contact name|
|01.4. Contact person function|
Head of Unit for livestock and fishery statistics
|01.5. Contact mail address|
5 Milana Rakića, Belgrade
|01.6. Contact email address|
|01.7. Contact phone number|
+381 11 2412922 ext. 243
|01.8. Contact fax number|
+381 11 2410397
|02. Metadata update||Top|
|02.1. Metadata last certified|
|02.2. Metadata last posted|
|02.3. Metadata last update|
|03. Statistical presentation||Top|
|03.1. Data description|
The data relate to the number of livestock – by type and categories, balance of livestock – by type, the number of beehives, milk production as well as wool, eggs and honey production, slaughter of livestock, livestock increase, meat production and forecast of gross domestic production of meat (GIP of meat forecast). Data on the number of livestock - by type and categories and data on livestock production (production of milk, wool, eggs and honey) are available up to the level of the regions. Other data are available only at the level of the Republic of Serbia.
|03.2. Classification system|
During the providing data in use was Classification of Activities - KD (2010) ("Official Gazette of the RS", No104/09) based on classification NACE Rev.2 (Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, Rev. 2);
The territorial division was carried out in accordance with the Regulation on the Nomenclature of Statistical Territorial Units ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia", No. 109/09 and 46/10).).
Livestock categories - by species, categories of slaughtering statistics and categories of meat production forecasts are given in Annex I, Annex IV and Annex V of the Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 of the EUROPEAN PARLIAMNET AND OF THE COUNCIL of 19 November 2008, conserning livestock and meat statistics and repealing Council Directives 93/23/EEC, 93/24/EEC and 93/25/EEC.
|03.3. Coverage - sector|
The data on number of livestock and number of beehives cover liestock and beehives on agricultural holdings.
Data on slaughtering in slaughterhouses include slaughter in all registered slaughterhouses on the territory of the Republic of Serbia (352 as on 31 December 2021).
|03.4. Statistical concepts and definitions|
Livestock unit is a standard measurement unit by which the number of heads of various species and categories is reduced to a comparable value. For calculating livestock unit until 2019 used are the coefficients published in the publications Agriculture on the Republic of Serbia – Census of Agriculture 2012 (Book II) and Revision of agricultural statistics time series, as well as in the database found at the SORS site. From 2020, the coefficients applied are in accordance with the Regulation (EU) no. 2018/1091 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on integrated agricultural statistics and repealing Regulation (EC) no. 1166/2008 and (EU) no. 1337/2011. The applied coefficients are given in the following table.
Livestock unit coefficients
Bovine animals less than 1 year old - 0,400
Livestock balance represents the annual turnover of herd/flock, where changes in livestock number are registered. Data on imports and exports of livestock are published according to the special trade system.
Gross weight of livestock represents the weight of animals immediately before slaughtering.
Net/carcass weight of livestock represents the weight of slaughtered animals after the removal of certain parts, depending on livestock species and category, i.e. the weight of eviscerated slaughtered animal.
Livestock increase represents the production of live weight of animals throughout the year, as a result of livestock breeding, growth and fattening. It includes:
Milk production is presented as net value. Milk directly suckled is excluded, however milk obtained by milking (including colostrum) and used for animal feed is included.
Мeat production represents the net weight of slaughtered animals from domestic production (total slaughtering in the territory of the Republic of Serbia – imports of live animals + exports of live animals) with the deduction of raw fats.
Raw fats include fatty tissue, bacon, mesentary and tallow deposited around intestines. Suet around kidneys is not included in raw fats.
|03.5. Statistical unit|
Statistical units are agricultural holdings and slaughterhouses.
|03.6. Statistical population|
The target group is all agricultural holdings engaged in livestock breeding and active slaughterhouses.
|03.7. Reference area|
Reference area is the Republic of Serbia.
Notes: Since 1999 Statistical Office of the Republic Of Serbia does not answer for the specific data for AP Kosovo and Metohija and these data are not included in the coverage for the Republic of Serbia (total)
|03.8. Coverage - Time|
Last available data relate to 2021.
|03.9. Base period|
|04. Unit of measure||Top|
|04. Unit of measure|
The number of livestock heads, by species and categories, is displayed.
The data on the quantity of milked milk are published in millions of liters, unless otherwise stated in the table.
Data on the increase and production of meat are published in thousands of tons.
Data on egg production are published in millions of pieces.
Data on wool and honey production are published in tonnes.
GIP meat forecast data are published in thousands of heads.
|05. Reference Period||Top|
|05. Reference Period|
The number of livestock refers to the state as of 1 December of the observed year.
The reference period for data on livestock production is for the last 12 months until 1 December.
The number of pigs is monitored in the semi-annual periodicity, ie. except with the state on 1 December, it is also monitored with the state on 23 May.
|06. Institutional Mandate||Top|
|06.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements|
Data are provided on the basis of the Law on Official Statistics ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia", No. 104/09), the Regulation on the Establishment of the Official Statistics Plan for the Reference Year,), Regulation (EC) No.1165 and the Cooperation Agreement between Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (MoA) and SORS - Annex 1, signed on 14 January 2014.
|06.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing|
Relevant data represent the official statistics and are used to meet all national and international needs (Eurostat, FAO).
|07.1. Confidentiality - policy|
Individual data are the official statistical data and as such are confidential and subject to special protection, which is provided in all phases of research. Confidentiality of individual data is guaranteed by the Law on oficial statistics. Any abuse of official statistics for misdemeanor charges, in accordance with the Law.
|07.2. Confidentiality - data treatment|
Individual data are published only in aggregated form.
|08. Release policy||Top|
|08.1. Release calendar|
The data are published on the SORS website, as well as in the monthly (Monthly Statistical Bulletin) and the annual publication of the SORS (Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Serbia).
|08.2. Release calendar access|
Publications Calendar for the relevant year is published on the website of the SORS and can be accessed via the following link: https://www.stat.gov.rs/en-US/calendar
|08.3. Release policy - user access|
Data are available to all users on equal terms, in electronic or printed form, free. Further, special data processing for specific users requirements is possible. Method of utilization and disemination of data produced by SORS is governed by the Rulebook on the use and disamination of data produced by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, which was adopted by the SORS Director, in accordance with the Law on Official Statistics and the Law on State Administration ("Official Gazette" no. 79/05).
|09. Frequency of dissemination||Top|
|09. Frequency of dissemination|
Data on slaughter in slaughterhouses and estimated data on slaughter out of slaughterhouses are published in the monthly periodicity. All other data are published annually.
|10. Accessibility and clarity||Top|
|10.1. Dissemination format - News release|
News release is not scheduled.
|10.2. Dissemination format - Publications|
Previous results on the number of livestock, by species, are published in the Statistical Release PO 12- Livestock Number.
Final data on the number of livestock and livestock production are published on the SORS website and in the complex publication "Statistical Yearbook".
Monthly data on livestock slaughter in slaughterhouses are also published in the publication "Monthly Statistical Bulletin".
|10.3. Dissemination format - online database|
Published data on the site database can be accessed via the following link:
|10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access|
The data are available to users only in aggregated form, in accordance with the law.
|10.5. Dissemination format - other|
Data transmission to Eurostat is done by web form. Data for FAO are transmitted in the form of excel tables by e-mail. There are no other forms of dissemination.
|10.6. Documentation on methodology|
Extract of the methodology as well as document Animal Production Statistics - Methodological Report are published on SORS websajt:
The contents of the questionnaires can also be accessed through the same link.
|10.7. Quality management - documentation|
For information on Quality Reports see section Quality assurance.
|11. Quality management||Top|
|11.1. Quality assurance|
General framework for quality assurance is defined by the Declaration on the quality or the Quality Policy, which can be accessed via the following link:
Quality control is carried out at all stages of data providing.
Control of the coverage and updating of the address book of the reporting units is carried out, as well as the controlled data entry according to the defined criteria of logical and computy control, followed by the control of the completeness of the reports and further control, analysis and validation of the data.
|11.2. Quality management - assessment|
Data quality can be assessed as good for the level of the Republic of Serbia.
|12.1. User needs|
Users of this data are МоА and other institutions, journalists, students and other individuals.
During defining the content of the questionnaire, MoA representatives were consulted and the EU legislation was examined in order to obtain data that would meet national and international needs.
The data defined in Regulation EC No.1165 partially satisfy national needs.
|12.2. User satisfaction|
General Survey on user satisfaction is conducted every two years and results are available on the web site of SORS. There is no specific survey on user satisfaction related to statistics on livestock number and meat.
The data are fully compliant with the Regulation EC No. 1165.
|13. Accuracy and reliability||Top|
|13.1. Overall accuracy|
Data on livestock number are collected in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No. 1165 relating to coverage and accuracy.
Monthly data on livestock slaughter in slaughterhouses are taken from an administrative source (MоА records).
Accuracy of data can be assessed as good for the level of the Republic of Serbia.
|13.2. Sampling error|
Coefficients of Variation (CV) for the main variables are given in the next table:
Coefficients of Variation for the main variables
For calculating estimates and standard errors Swedish software ETOS is used.
Sampling rates are given in table in continuation:
Sampling rates 2021
|13.3. Non-sampling error|
Control of the coverage of agricultural holdings in the sample is performed in the SORS regional departments or centralized, where the controlled data entry is performed.
Records of slaughtering in slaughterhouses are provided by controlled entry of monthly reports of veterinary inspection (MoA) through a web application.
There is no record of the number of mistakes that are identified in further control.
|14. Timeliness and punctuality||Top|
Monthly data on slaughter in slaughterhouses are available 45 days after the reference month, and 120 days after the reference month data on slaughter out of slaughterhouses.
Previous results on the number of cattle are available for 76 days from the critical moment of the survey (1 December). Final data on the number of livestock and livestock production are available 121 days from the critical moment of the December survey.
Data on the number of pigs in May / June survey are available 38 days after the critical moment of this survey (23 May).
All phases in providing data are carried out on a timely basis, including data publishing.
|15. Coherence and comparability||Top|
|15.1. Comparability - geographical|
The data are comparable.
|15.2. Comparability - over time|
A comparable time series data on livestock by species and categories is available since 2006. Number of pigs in semi-annual periodicals is available since 2014.
Data on slaughter in slaughterhouses in the monthly periodicity are available since 2008, data on slaughter out of slaughterhouses in annual periodicity are available since 2006 and in monthly periodicity since 2016, while data on the GIP of meat forecast are available from 2015.
|15.3. Coherence - cross domain|
There are no other relevant statistics.
|15.4. Coherence - internal|
Statistical data within the data set are consistent.
|16. Cost and Burden||Top|
|16. Cost and Burden|
The funds for conducting surveys are provided from the budget of the Republic of Serbia.
The total burden of reporting units in the 2021 December survey data collection was 67,940 minutes, 1,132 hours (3,397 respondents, average duration of interview 20 minutes).
The total burden of the reporting units covered by the May survey 2021 is 17,285 minutes, ie. 288 hours (3,457 respondents, average interview duration 5 minutes).
|17. Data revision||Top|
|17.1. Data revision - policy|
General policy revision was adopted by the institution, it is available on the SORS website and can be accessed via the following link:
|17.2. Data revision - practice|
Data revision was not applied in 2021.
|18. Statistical processing||Top|
|18.1. Source data|
Data on the number of livestock by species and categories and number of bee hives, as well as data on milk, wool, eggs and honey production are obtained through the December Survey on agricultural production - animal production. This survey also provides data on the structure of slaughtering outside slaughterhouses by categories and months, and it is the basis for the calculation of animal production in the reference year.
Total slaughter of livestock is estimated on the basis of the annual livestock balance calculation:
1. Number of cattle at the beginning of the year +
2. Breeding +
3. Import +
4. Export -
5. Perished -
6. Number of livestock at the end of the year -
The difference between the total slaughter of livestock and slaughter of livestock in slaughterhouses is the slaughter of livestock out of slaughterhouses. Applying the slaughtering structure obtained by the Survey on agricultural production - animal production, slaughter of livestock out of slaughterhouses by categories and months is calculated, too.
Data on slaughter of livestock in slaughterhouses are obtained from administrative sources (records of the Veterinary Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management).
The forecast of slaughter of livestock out of slaughterhouses by categories and months is based on the following calculation: from the average value (last three years) of total slaughtering (number of heads) of a particular category of livestock in a given month, the number of heads of that category slaughtered in slaughterhouses in the observed month is subtracted. Applying the last three-year average of net weight of slaughtered livestock out of slaughterhouses, the total net weight of slaughtered heads out of slaughterhouses of the appropriate category in the observed month is obtained, too.
The forecast of gross domestic production of meat is calculated using the coefficients (relation between realized gross domestic production and the number of certain livestock category from the previous year) and the most recent data on the number of that livestock category.
Data on the number of pigs are obtained through the implementation of the Survey on number of pigs (May / June), which provides data on the number of pigs in the semi-annual periodicity.
Data on imports and exports of livestock provide foreign trade statistics.
|18.2. Frequency of data collection|
The Survey on agricultural production – animal production and the Survey on the number of pigs are carried out in the annual periodicity.
Data on livestock slaughter in slaughterhouses are provided in the monthly periodicity.
Data on export and import of livestock are available in monthly and annual periodicity.
Slaughtering out of slaughterhouses is provided in the monthly and annual periodicity.
The GIP meat forecast is provided in the annual periodicity, for: cattle (for the next four semesters) and sheep (2 next semesters). The GIP of pig meat is provided in the semi-annual periodicity for the next four quarters.
|18.3. Data collection|
Survey on agricultural production - animal production is carried out in period 2-16 December, on the sample size 1.5-2% of agricultural holdings. Data collection is carried out by interview method (through printed questionnaires - on the fild, by telephone - centralized) and by post - for holdings of legal entities. Controlled data entry is done by 15 January. Data processing, analysis and production of preliminary results is carried out until 14 February. After the announcement of the previous results (14 February), further processing of data and calculation of animal production is carried out by 1 April, when the final data on livestock number and animal production for the reference year are published.
Due to the epidemiological situation in the Republic of Serbia caused by the corona virus COVID-19, Survey on agricultural production - animal production in 2021 was conducted by telephone - centralized (CATI method) and by mail for legal entities, on a reduced sample size 0.9% of agricultural holidngs which has the effect of increasing the value of Coefficients of Variation for the main variables
The Survey on the number of pigs is conducted from 24 May to 7 June, by interview method, by telephone (CATI method). Implemented sample size is around 1% of agricultural holdings. Data processing and analysis is carried out by the end of June, when the data are published.
Regional Offices of the Veterinary Administration of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (MoA), through the application on the web, send monthly reports on slaughter in slaughterhouses located in the territory they control, by the 20th of the month for the previous month. The application was created in .net technology in the Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 database. The SORS takes over data, processes and publishes data.
In order to provide data on the export and import of goods, the SORS takes over the Uniform Administrative Document ready for automatic data processing from the Republic Customs Administration by the 15th of the month for the previous month, and carries out further statistical control and processing. Monthly external trade data are available by the 30th of the month for the previous month, and the final annual data by 15 July for the previous year.
|18.4. Data validation|
Automatic and manual validation of data completeness is performed.
Data validation is mainly based on the results from the previous year.
In addition, for the validation of the estimation of the number of cattle obtained through the implementation of the Survey on agricultural production - animal production, the data of the established Registry of cattle (MoA) are also used.
|18.5. Data compilation|
Controlled data entry and processing is done in the IST program (developed in the SORS). During data processing, non-response of reporting units and non-response to certain key issues are solved by imputation of data from the report of the same reporting unit from the previous year or reports of other reporting units in the current year, if relevant and possible.
Transformation of some data for the purpose of sending data to Eurostat is done as shown in the next table:
Transformation of data for the transmission to Eurostat