Life tablesMetadata Period: Annual Year: 2019 
01. Contact  Top 
01.1. Contact organisation  
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia  
01.2. Contact organisation unit  
Unit for calculation population estimates, projections and other demographic indicators  
01.3. Contact name  
Dragana Paunovic Radulovic  
01.4. Contact person function  
Statistician methodologist  
01.5. Contact mail address  
5 Milana Rakića, Belgrade  
01.6. Contact email address  
01.7. Contact phone number  
+381 11 2412922 ext. 264  
01.8. Contact fax number  
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02. Metadata update  Top 
02.1. Metadata last certified  
08/06/2018  
02.2. Metadata last posted  
21/7/2020  
02.3. Metadata last update  
21/7/2020 
03. Statistical presentation  Top 
03.1. Data description  
Life tables are the basic demographic tool for analyzing population mortality and they present a tabular overview of mortality by age and sex. Starting with probability of dying, as the main demographic indicator in life tables, all other biometric functions are also calculated: probability of survival, number of lives, mean lifetime or life expectancy at birth, etc. According to data source and methodology of calculation, there are two types of tables: detailed or complete life tables by specific age, constructed on the basis of population census data and vital statistics data in the years around the census and abridged approximate life tables by fiveyear age groups, produced annually, on the basis of estimated population number and vital statistics data for the referent year.  
03.2. Classification system  
ulation on the Nomenclature of Statistical Territorial Units ("Official Gazette of RS", No.109/09 and 46/10).  
03.3. Coverage  sector  
Demography  
03.4. Statistical concepts and definitions  
Life tables show a systematic and comprehensive picture of mortality and are the best way to present statistically the relationships between mortality, age and sex.
Definitions of the basic indicators:
 Age x = 0, 14, 59, ..., 85 and over;  The probability of dying (_{n}q_{x}) is the probability that a person of x years of age will die before reaching the age of x + n years;
 Number of persons alive of x years of age (l_{x}) shows how many people out of 100000 inhabitants born at the same time will stay alive after x years (x = 0, 1, 5, 10, ..., 85 and over); Detailed life tables by single years of age and sex, for the period 20102012, were calculated based on the results of the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings of September 30, 2011 and results of population natural increase statistics for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and those are: 1 The number of people by calendar year of birth and from the Census of September 30, 2011; 2 The number of live births, by sex, in 2010 and 2011, from the statistical survey on births; 3 The number of deaths, by calendar year of birth and sex, as follows: number of deaths after birthday in 2010, number of deaths before and after birthday, before and after the Population Census in 2011 and number of deaths before and after birthday in 2012, from the statistical survey on deaths. Definition of the basic indicators:  Age x = 0, ..., 100 years of age;  The probability of dying (q_{x}) is the probability that a person aged x years will die before reaching the age of x + 1 years;  The probability of survival (p_{x}) is the probability that a person aged x years will live to x+1 years of age;  Number of persons alive of x years of age (l_{x}) shows how one closed population of inhabitants born at the same time, which initial number of persons is l_{0} =100000, is successively reduced depending on the values p_{x} and q_{x};  Number of deaths (d_{x}) shows how many persons out of the number of persons alive (l_{x}) at a certain year of age x, will die before reaching the age of x+1 year;  Sum of the numbers of person alive (N_{x}) is the number used to calculate the life expectancy (е_{x}) and it represents fictive sums of persons, from the set of 100000 persons alive born at the same time, who lived to 0 year of age, i.e. 1, 2,...,100 years of age;  Life expectancy (е_{x}) represents, on average, how many years a person aged exactly x years will live, in terms of the same mortality conditions as they were at the time of calculating the tables. Life expectancy at birth (е_{0}) is a particularly important result when calculating detailed life tables, which shows how long the newborn children will live, if the mortality conditions are the same as they were in moment of making the tables.  
03.5. Statistical unit  
The statistical unit used is “number”.  
03.6. Statistical population  
The statistical population is the total population.  
03.7. Reference area  
Data on life expectancy at birth are available at the level of the Republic of Serbia and its regions, as well as areas and municipalities, while the data on bimetric functions are available at the regional level. Since 1999, the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia has no information on the AP Kosovo and Metohija, so they are not included in the coverage of the Republic of Serbia data (total).  
03.8. Coverage  Time  
Data are available for the period from the year 2011.  
03.9. Base period  
Not applicable. 
04. Unit of measure  Top 
04. Unit of measure  
Number 
05. Reference Period  Top 
05. Reference Period  
Calendar year 
06. Institutional Mandate  Top 
06.1. Institutional Mandate  legal acts and other agreements  
National legislation:
 Official Statistics Law
 Resolution on the Programme of official statistics
 Regulation on the Plan of official statistics for the current year
* The above documents are available at SORS website: www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/onama/dokumenti
 
06.2. Institutional Mandate  data sharing  
Not applicable. 
07. Confidentiality  Top 
07.1. Confidentiality  policy  
Data confidentiality is stipulated by:  Official Statistics Law (Official Gazette of RS, number 104/2009), Articles 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, and 49. (www.stat.gov.rs/media/2322/zakon_o_statisticie.pdf)  Rulebook on statistical data protection in the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (www.stat.gov.rs/media/2343/rulebookonstatisticaldataprotectioninsors.doc )  Guidelines on measures of data and information protection in the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (www.stat.gov.rs/media/2341/guidelinesonmeasuresofdataandinformationprotectioninthesors.doc )  
07.2. Confidentiality  data treatment  
Not applicable. 
08. Release policy  Top 
08.1. Release calendar  
Calendar of releases is available at SORS website on the 1st day of December every year for the forthcoming year (http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/calendar).
All SORS releases are launched at 12.00.
Any divergence from the defined time schedule are announced in advance and explained in the Calendar.
 
08.2. Release calendar access  
Calendar of releases is available at SORS website:  
08.3. Release policy  user access  
The data obtained through statistical surveys are released at the internet presentation (http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/),
in the database (http://data.stat.gov.rs/?caller=SDDB&languageCode=enUS),
in statistical releases and publications (http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/publikacije/).
The results of official statistics are available at the same time to all users on impartial basis; any privileged access by external users before their release is not allowed.

09. Frequency of dissemination  Top 
09. Frequency of dissemination  
The frequency of publishing the results of “Abridged Life Tables” is ANNUAL while “Complete Life Tables” are published once every ten years for the census year. 
10. Accessibility and clarity  Top 
10.1. Dissemination format  News release  
Statistical release “Vital Events”  
10.2. Dissemination format  Publications  
"Demographic Yearbook" (Republic of Serbia) http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/publikacije/?d=14 "Abidged life table" http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/publikacije/publication/?p=11632 "Complete life table"  
10.3. Dissemination format  online database  
10.4. Dissemination format  microdata access  
On request, the access to anonymized microdata is ensured to scientific and research institutions.
The request can be placed by email at stat@stat.gov.rs, or by regular mail addressed at 5 Milana Rakića St, Belgrade.
For more information, please see http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/korisnickapodrska/micropodaci.
 
10.5. Dissemination format  other  
Not applicable.  
10.6. Documentation on methodology  
Abidged life table http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/publikacije/publication/?p=11632 Complete life tables  
10.7. Quality management  documentation  
Not applicable. 
11. Quality management  Top 
11.1. Quality assurance  
The SORS quality management system is relied on the Serbian official statistics mission and vision, as well as on the European Statistics Code of Practice – CoP and the Total Quality Management – TQM principles, which together make the common quality framework of the European Statistical System (ESS).
For more information, please see the documents at http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/onama/sistemupravljanjakvalitetom.
 
11.2. Quality management  assessment  
Not applicable. 
12. Relevance  Top 
12.1. User needs  
Besides its usage in the mortality analysis for demographic purposes, the indicator life expectancy is also applied to produce demographic population projections which are utilized to formulate hypotheses on future mortality trends as well as to calculate various indicators. Data on life expectancy are particularly valuable for actuaries and insurance activities, since they are used as a technical basis to set up life insurance premiums.  
12.2. User satisfaction  
On biennial basis (once in two years), by the means of web interview, implemented is the User Satisfaction Survey. The survey results are available at SORS website: http://www.stat.gov.rs/enUS/onama/sistemupravljanjakvalitetom.  
12.3. Completeness  
The data are complete. 
13. Accuracy and reliability  Top 
13.1. Overall accuracy  
Not applicable.  
13.2. Sampling error  
Not applicable.  
13.3. Nonsampling error  
Not applicable. 
14. Timeliness and punctuality  Top 
14.1. Timeliness  
Data on life expectancy, the most important result of Abridged Life Tables, for the year T1 are published on June 30 in year T. In practice, at a fiveyear frequency, Abridged Life Tables for 5 successive years are published in one unified edition, while Complete Life Tables are produced for census years and are published immediately after publication of the first census books.  
14.2. Punctuality  
The data are published according to the release calendar. 
15. Coherence and comparability  Top 
15.1. Comparability  geographical  
The data are comparable.  
15.2. Comparability  over time  
The data are comparable.  
15.3. Coherence  cross domain  
Not applicable.  
15.4. Coherence  internal  
Not applicable. 
16. Cost and Burden  Top 
16. Cost and Burden  
Not applicable. 
17. Data revision  Top 
17.1. Data revision  policy  
The SORS general revision policy constitutes the global frame ensuring that each statistical domain shall define its own revision policy in compliance with its specific nature.
The general SORS revision policy determines:
 general rules of revisions of the published data,
 forms of informing users as regards the possible causes of revisions,
 categories of revisions, and
 documents covering all aspects of revisions.
The general SORS revision policy is available at http://www.stat.gov.rs/media/2332/generalrevisionpolicy.docx.
 
17.2. Data revision  practice  
Not applicable. 
18. Statistical processing  Top 
18.1. Source data  
Detailed or complete life tables by specific age, constructed on the basis of population census data and vital statistics data in the years immediately before or after the census and abridged life tables by fiveyear age groups, are produced annually, on the basis of estimated population and vital statistics data for the referent year.  
18.2. Frequency of data collection  
Abridged Life Tables – annual data collection Complete Life Tables – data are collected at tenyear frequency  
18.3. Data collection  
Not applicable.  
18.4. Data validation  
Not applicable.  
18.5. Data compilation  
Not applicable.  
18.6. Adjustment  
Not applicable. 
19. Comment  Top 
19. Comment  
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